Almost half of Nigerian adults have indicated their willingness to leave the country in the next five years, a survey conducted by the US- based research firm, Pew Research Center, has revealed.
In the report tagged, “Many Nigerians, Tunisians and Kenyans say they plan to leave their countries in the next five years”, published on Fact Tank webpage on Wednesday, the research firm stated that the survey was conducted in 2018 across 12 countries.The report noted that in some African nations, there are more plan to migrate than in other countries, while some who plan to migrate said they havebeing taken steps such as gathering information about a destinationcountry and saving money.
“In the three African nations, two-thirds or more of all who were surveyed cite jobs, education and reuniting with family as reasons why people leave their countries.“Conflict also plays a role: In Nigeriaand Kenya, majorities say escaping violence is a very or somewhatimportant reason for why people leave the country.
“In Nigeria, Africa’s most populated nation, nearly half (45 percent) of adults say they plan to move to another country within five years, by far the highest share among 12 countries surveyed across four continents.“Meanwhile, a quarter (24 percent) of adults in Tunisia said they planned to leave within five years, as do 19 percent in Kenya. In 2017, substantial shares in Senegal, Ghana and South Africasaid the same,” a part of the report read.It added that the findings highlight the potential for more migrationfrom an area of the world with a fast-growing population because inrecent years, many African countries have seen a sharp increase inoutmigration.“In nations surveyed outside of Africa, fewer people say they plan to migrate.
Only in the Philippines do more than one-in-ten (15 percent) say they plan to move to another country. The Philippines has a long history of labor migration to countries around the world.“Meanwhile, relatively low shares say this in India (two percent) and Mexico(eight percent), countries with the world’s two largest emigrantpopulations.“Many who say they plan to move say they will go to the United States and Europe, popular destinations for Africans who have already migrated.“In Tunisia, a North African country near Europe, more than two-thirds (68 percent) who plan to migrate say they will move to a European country.“Meanwhile, Kenyans who plan to move most often say they will go to the U.S. (33 percent) or to another African country (25 percent).“In Nigeria, 28 percent of potential migrants say they plan to move to the U.S., 19 percent mention a European country and 19 percent say a Middle Eastern country,” the statement read.A further analysis of the report shows that many Tunisians, Nigeriansand Kenyans have made preparations to migrate.
Those sampled, according to the report, said they plan to migrate in the comingyears, although not everyone who says this has made preparations.“In Nigeria and Kenya, lower but substantial shares have taken each ofthese steps to prepare for their move.“About 11 percent of Kenyans and14 percent of Nigerians who plan to migrate in the next five years have taken all three steps to prepare for their move.“Those with a high school diploma or higher in Kenya, Nigeria and Tunisia are more likely to say they plan to move abroad. Among sub-Saharan Africans who have already migrated, about half or more of those living in the U.S and United Kingdom has at least some College Education.
“The survey also found that younger adults, men and those with higher incomes are more likely to say they will make a move in the next five years,” the report read.